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1897 Uniforms

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REGULATIONS
GOVERNING THE
UNIFORM OF COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
WARRANT OFFICERS, AND ENLISTED MEN
OF THE
NAVY OF THE UNITED STATES
WITH PLATES
1897


Below and on the linked pages is the enlisted uniform sections from this Navy regulation.

 
 

UNIFORM FOR ENLISTED MEN, UNITED STATES NAVY.

 GENERAL REGULATIONS.

 1. The naval uniform shall be worn by all enlisted men of the Navy when attached to vessels belonging to or employed by the Government and when serving at navy yards or stations.

2. The particular dress for the day shall be fixed by the senior officer present, with due regard to the duty to be performed and the state of the weather.

3. The uniform, to be designated as (1) blue dress, (2) blue undress, (3) white dress, (4)white undress, or (5) working dress, is as follows:

 

DRESS.

To be worn on all occasions of ceremony.

For chief petty officers (except bandmasters), stewards, and officers' cooks. — Blue cloth or white coat; blue cloth or white trousers; blue or white cap; waistcoat (only with blue coat) ; white shirt, collar, and black cravat.

For mess attendants. —Blue cloth or white jacket; blue cloth or white trousers; blue or white cap; white collar.

For bandsmen. —Dress coat; blue cloth or white trousers; hel­met; shoulder knots and aiguillettes ; belt; gloves (and sword for bandmaster).

For all other enlisted men. —Blue overshirt or dress jumper; blue cloth or white dress trousers; blue cap or white hat; necker­chief and knife lanyard.

 

UNDRESS.

To be worn on ordinary occasions.

For chief petty officers (except bandmasters), stewards, and officers' cooks. —The same as dress, but clothing longer in use may be worn. Flannel coats and trousers and undress shirts are per­mitted.

For mess attendants. —The same as dress, but clothing longer in use may be worn.

For bandsmen. —Undress coat; blue cloth or white trousers; blue undress cap, or cap and cap cover.

(21)


22            UNIFORM FOR ENLISTED MEN, U. S. NAVY.

For all other enlisted men.—Blue overshirt or undress jumper; blue cloth or flannel, or white undress trousers; blue cap, white hat, or watch cap; neckerchief and knife lanyard.

WORKING DRESS.

To be worn by details of men, or by individuals, engaged in work for which this dress may be necessary.

For all enlisted men.—The same as undress, but clothing longer in use to be worn.  The watch cap may be worn, except by chief petty officers, officers' messmen, and bandsmen.

4. Shoes neatly blacked shall be worn with dress and undress.

5. A blue flannel jumper, similar in make to the blue overshirt, but the same length as the white jumper and hemmed in the same manner around the bottom, may be permitted in warm weather.

6. From sunset to 8 a. m. the jersey may be worn over the undershirt as an outer garment, except in boats.  In cold weather the jersey may be worn at all times between the undershirt and overshirt or jumper.

7. Overcoats may be worn with any of the prescribed uniforms in cold weather.

8. Rain clothes and rubber boots may be worn by all men belonging to the deck watches or boats' crews when exposed to inclement weather.

9. Chief petty officers, when on duty below the spar deck, may, in warm weather, take off the coat and waistcoat if the blue shirt is worn.

10. Chief petty officers, bandsmen, and messmen may draw the white undress jumper and trousers, and may wear them when their work is such as to require it.

11. The watch cap may be worn at sea.  It shall not be worn during the day watches in port except under special circumstances, such as sail or spar drill, cleaning, refitting, and coaling ship, and then only by permission of the senior officer present.

12. Underclothing shall always be worn.

13. The hair and beard shall be worn neatly trimmed.  If no beard or mustache is worn, the face shall be kept clean-shaved. No eccentricities in the manner of wearing the hair and beard shall be allowed.

14. The haversack is to be worn in. rear of the left hip and the canteen in rear of right hip, with cartridge belt over both haver­sack slings and the rear sling of the canteen.


UNIFORM FOR ENLISTED MEN, U. S. NAVY.          23

15. Leggings shall be worn, with any form of dress, when under arms for infantry or artillery drill or for duty with the landing party.

16. Overshirts, jumpers, trousers, and underclothes shall be fitted with eyelets for stops.

17. Every article of clothing shall be legibly marked with the owner's name, as follows

Overshirts.—On the outside of the front and on the inside of back, both marks being placed one inch from the bottom of the shirt, the former across the center line and the latter to the right of the center line, also on the underside of the collar.

Jumpers.—On the inside, two inches above the hem, across the center line of the front and to the right of the center line of the back, also on the underside of the collar.

Trousers.—On the inside of the back of both legs, four inches from the bottom.

Undershirts.—On the outside of the front, one inch from the bottom of the shirt and to the right of the center.

Drawers.—On the outside of the right half waistband.

Neckerchief.—In center.

Cloth cap.—Inside crown.

Watch cap.—Inside, half inch from bottom. White hat.—Inside crown.

Leggings.—Inside, on center piece three inches from and parallel to top.

Overcoat.—Center of underside of collar.  On lining each side of split of tail three inches from and parallel to bottom.

Mattress.—In  center, four inches from each end.

Mattress cover.—Right corners, four inches from open end.

Blankets.—All the right-hand corners, four inches from each edge.

18. No transfer or exchange of clothing shall be made without the authority of the commanding officer. When clothing belonging to deserters is sold, the name of the deserter shall be obliterated by the master-at-arms with a stamp marked D. C., and the pur­chaser's name shall be placed upon it as soon as possible.

19. Clothes made by the men for themselves shall conform strictly in material, pattern, and making-up to those issued by the paymaster, and no devices for chief petty officers' caps, rating badges, specialty marks, apprentice marks, service stripes, braids, or cap ribbons, other than those issued by the paymaster, are to be used by enlisted men under any circumstances. Fancy and embroidered stitchings are forbidden.


24            UNIFORM FOR ENLISTED MEN U.S. NAVY.

20. Officers' cooks at work at the galley shall wear cooks' white caps and white aprons.

21. Enlisted men to whom medals of honor, good-conduct medals, or medals for proficiency as apprentices or marksmen, or for life saving, have been awarded, shall wear them with dress uniform. The medal shall be worn attached to its ribbon; the upper edge of the ribbon to be in a horizontal line, on the left breast of the outer garment, one inch below the shoulder, the medal of honor to be placed farthest from the shoulder; the others in the order of date of receipt from right to left.

22. The surgeon shall issue to each enlisted man on the sick list a white-cotton arm band 2 inches wide, which will be worn around the right arm above the elbow. The badge shall be distinctly marked in black block figures, and the number shall be entered upon the sick list furnished for the use of the officer of the deck. When a man's name is removed from the sick list, he shall return his badge, neatly washed, to the surgeon.

23. When circumstances require the observance of the agree­ments in regard to the wearing of the Geneva cross, the brassard shall consist of a band of white cotton, to be fastened around the upper part of the right arm, over the outer garment.  Upon the band shall be painted or stitched a red Geneva cross.  The band shall be 4 inches wide, the cross 3 inches in height and width, and the arms of the cross 1 inch wide.

24. Copies of these regulations shall be posted in places where they may be consulted at all times by enlisted men.

25. There shall be kept at the naval clothing manufactory a standard sample of every article mentioned in these regulations. The articles issued to ships shall conform in every respect to the standard samples, and no change shall be permitted without the sanction of the Secretary of the Navy. Pay officers of ships will be supplied with paper patterns of sizes 1, 3, and 5 of the overshirt, and 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 of the trousers, for the use of enlisted men in making clothing.

SPECIAL REGULATIONS.

BLUE CAP.

(a) For chief petty officers, except band masters (Pl. 1, fig. 1, except device).—Dark navy-blue cloth, band of lustrous black mohair; visor of black patent leather, bound with same, green underneath; chin strap of black patent leather one-half (1/2) inch wide, fastened at the side with two small gilt navy buttons, and provided with one gilt and one leather slide.  There shall be two small eyelet ventilating holes in each side of the quarters.  The device shall be the letters U. S. N. in silver upon a gilt foul anchor.


UNIFORM FOR ENLISTED MEN U.S. NAVY.                   25

(b) For officers, stewards, and cooks.—Cloth, braid, and visor, same as for chief petty officers, but the chin strap shall be with­out metallic slide, and shall be fastened with two small-sized black navy buttons (Pl. XIII, fig. 3).  No device.

(c) For mess attendants.—The same as for officers' stewards and cooks, except the braid.

(d) For all enlisted in en, except chief petty officers, officers' messmen, and bandsmen (Pl. II, figs. 2 and 3).—Of dark navy-blue cap cloth; band of finished cap to be two (2) inches wide, stiffened on the inside with a strip of suitable material two (2) inches wide, and lined with a thin leather sweat band. Quarterings to be in four (4) pieces, and, in finished cap, to be from one and three-­quarters (1 3/4) to two (2) inches in width, sewed together with double seams, and without any slack cloth.  Crown cut in one piece to correspond with the outer diameter of the quarterings; to be lined with suitable material, and sewed to the quarterings with a double seam.  A plain double bow of ribbon, about five and one-half (5 1/2) inches long, of the same shade, quality, and width as the cap rib­bon, to be sewed on left-hand side; ends of cap ribbon to be attached to bow.

  Sizes Diameter of crown
(on top).
 
  6 5/8 6 3/4,6 7/8

7, 7 1/8

7 1/4, 7 3/8, 7 1/2, 7 5/8

10 1/4 inches.

10 1/2 inches.

10 3/4 inches.

 

Grommet. —Of steel corset wire not less than three-eighths (3/8) nor more than one-half (1/2)of an inch wide, covered with sheeting or other suitable material.

Cap ribbon (Pl. XI, fig. 3).—Black silk ribbon, one and one­-half (1 1/2-) inches wide. The name of the vessel to which the wearer is attached, in plain block letters one-half (1/2) of an inch in height, preceded by the letters U. S. S., to be woven in gilt thread through the ribbon.

(e) For bandsmen (Pl. I, figs. 4 and 6).—Same as for enlisted men of the Marine Corps, excepting that a lyre device of white metal same as for helmet shall be worn in front and the side buttons shall be small navy fire-gilt buttons.  White cap covers are to be made of white linen, same as for enlisted men of the Marine Corps.

WHITE CAP.

For chief petty officers, except bandmaster, and for office officers' messmen.—To be skeleton cap, having band covered with navy-blue cloth; band to be two (2) inches wide, suitably stiffened, with a welt three-sixteenths (3/16) of an inch from lower edge.  Visor chin straps and buttons to be same as in caps of blue cloth.  The cover to be separate, and to be made of 7-ounce bleached drill. The


26            UNIFORM FOR ENLISTED MEN,  U. S. NAVY.

band thereof to be one and three-quarters (1 3/4) inches wide, the bell of the crown to be in two pieces and one and five-eighths (1 5/8) inches wide, with two lap seams on, sides over the buttons, and sewed to top of crown by a lap seam. The lower edge of cover to rest on welt in blue-cloth band.

WHITE HAT.

For all enlisted men, except chief petty officers, officers' messmen, and bandsmen.—Of well-shrunken bleached cotton drill.

BLACK HELMET.

For bandsmen (Pl. I, figs. 3 and 4).—Spike, spike base, and chin strap, same as for enlisted men of the Marine Corps. Device same as for enlisted men of the Army, with the white metal lyre device seven-eighths (7/8) of an inch long and one-half (1/2) inch broad sol­dered in the center of the shield.

WATCH CAP.

For all enlisted men, except chief petty officers, officers' messmen, and bandsmen (Pl. I, fig. 7).—Knit of dark navy-blue worsted, to be all wool, closely woven, conical in shape, ten (10) inches long, with a hem two and one-half (2 -) inches deep at the bottom.

OVERCOAT.

For all enlisted men, except bandsmen (Pl. III, figs. 1 and 2).­  Heavy dark navy-blue cloth, lined with dark-blue flannel, the bot­tom of the skirt to reach the tips of fingers, arm hanging by the side in its natural position, double-breasted, made to button to the neck, with rolling collar, same material as the coat, and broad enough to protect the ears when turned up. Five large-size black navy buttons on each front, the lower buttons to be placed on a line with the opening of the horizontal pocket, the others to be equally spaced up to the throat.  An outside pocket in each breast, the openings to be up and down, and the larger part of the openings to be level with the elbow.

A horizontal pocket, with flap-cover, shall be placed in each front below the line of the waist. Overcoat to be worn completely but­toned.

For bandsmen (Pl.III, figs. 3 and 4).—Same as for enlisted men of the Marine Corps, except that navy fire-gilt buttons will be worn.

Sky-blue- kersey; body lined with scarlet flannel, cut to the shape of the body; to extend down the leg from 6 to 8 inches below the knee, according to the height of the wearer; to be slit


UNIFORM FOR ENLISTED MEN, U.S. NAVY.          27

up the back piece 16 inches; double-breasted, with two rows of large navy fire-gilt buttons on breast, seven buttons on each row, placed at equal distances apart; the distance between the rows to be 7 inches at the top and 5 inches at the bottom, measured from the center of the buttons; lower border of coat to be felled. Sleeves loose, with two rows of stitching to represent cuffs 5 inches deep; three small navy fire-gilt buttons on each cuff.  Collar 5 inches deep, to stand or fall, to hook in front.  To have seven hooks under the collar to which the cape will be attached.

Cape.—Circular, cut of one piece of sky-blue kersey; lined with scarlet flannel; to extend to the edge of the coat sleeve, the arm hanging naturally; to close in front with five small navy fire-gilt buttons; to have seven eyes on the upper border by which it will be fastened to the coat. On parade the corners of the cape shall be turned back and hooked together behind.

BLUE COAT.

For chief petty officers (Pl. IV, figs. 1 and 2).—Dark navy-blue cloth, double-breasted sack pattern, rolling collar, front and back of skirt to descend to top of inseam of trousers, lined with dark-­blue flannel or black Italian cloth; a pocket in the left breast and one in each front near the bottom; five medium-sized gilt navy buttons on each breast, equally spaced. Coat to be worn with the four lower buttons buttoned.

For undress a flannel coat of similar make may be worn.

For stewards and cooks (Pl. IV, figs. 3 and 4).—Dark navy-blue cloth, single-breasted sack pattern, rolling collar, lined with dark-­blue flannel or black Italian cloth; five medium-sized black navy buttons on front; a pocket in the left breast and one in each front near the bottom; front and back of skirt to descend to top of inseam of trousers.  Coat to be worn buttoned.

For undress a flannel coat of similar make may be worn. FULL-DRESS COAT.

For bandsmen (Pl. V, figs. 4 and 5).—Of single-breasted tunic pattern, to be made of scarlet, cloth; skirt to extend to the point of the thumb, the arm hanging naturally, one row of eight large navy fire-gilt buttons on the breast, placed at equal distances, and two in the  back at end of waist seam. Standing collar of the same material, one and one-half (1) inches high (rounded ends), to hook in front at the bottom, to be pipe-edged around the top and base with one-eighth (s) inch white cloth; the top of collar to be trimmed


28          UNIFORM FOR ENLISTED MEN, U. S. NAVY.

with one-half (1/2) inch yellow worsted lace.  Pointed cuffs, seven (7) inches deep, of three-fourths (3/4) inch yellow worsted lace, to extend up the center of upper side of the sleeve, to be piped with one-eighth (1/8) inch white cloth, with three small navy fire-gilt buttons on outer seam, spring of cuffs two and one-half (2 1/2) inches from edge of sleeves on each side.  The tunic to be piped down the front, around the bottom, and up the plaits of skirts to waist seam with one-eighth (1/8) inch white cloth.  A white standing col­lar is to be worn with this coat.

Shoulder-knots (Pl. V, fig. 3).—To consist of a plaited strap of two rows of gold cord, in case of bandmaster, and of white mohair braid in case of rest of band, and pad of scarlet cloth, surrounded by a metal fire-gilt crescent; to have a small navy fire-gilt button on the inner end of the strap, and a white metal lyre device one and one-half (1 1/2) inches long and one (1) inch broad on the center of the pad (Pl. I, fig. 5), to be secured to the full-dress coat by epaulet fastenings; the pad to be wadded to a thickness of three-­quarters (3/4) of in inch.

Aiguillettes (Pl. XIV).—For bandmaster, to be of gold cord one­-fourth (1/4) of an inch in diameter. For all other bandsmen, to be of white mohair cord one-fourth () of an inch in diameter.

UNDRESS COAT.

For bandsmen (Pl. VI, figs. 1 and 2).-To be made of dark indigo-blue flannel, dyed in the wool, cut half close so as to define the figure.  No seam in center of back, darts in fore part under the arms to extend to top of hip bone.  Coat to be one and one-half (1 1/2) inches shorter than the full-dress coat.  Body to be lined in fore part, and inside of shoulders covered with black Italian cloth; sleeves to be lined with drab jean.  One row of seven medium navy fire-gilt buttons down the front, top button one-half (1/2)inch from base of collar, lowest button about nine (9) inches from bottom of coat.  Standing collar one and one-fourth (1/4) inches high (rounded ends), to hook in front at the bottom.  A white metal lyre same as on helmet (Pl. I. fig. 4) shall be worn on each side of the collar one (1) inch from each edge in front.  Shoulder straps of dark­-blue flannel (inner ends rounded), two (2) inches wide at sleeve head seams and one (1) inch wide at collar seams, to be sewed down to fore part along shoulder seams, outer edges sewed in with sleeves, a small navy fire-gilt button on inner end.  A three­-pointed strap at center of upper side of each sleeve band of same material, to be five and one-half (5 1/2) inches long, lower point along edge of sleeve band two and one-half (2) inches wide at each point, one and three-quarters (13/4) inches wide at inside of curve between


UNIFORM FOR ENLISTED MEN, U. S. NAVY.          29

the points; a small navy fire-gilt button sewed on each point; straight side of straps to be sewed down and turned over so as to make the points extend toward the back arm seams.  The coat to be pipe-edged down the front, around the bottom, base of collar, shoulder straps, and sleeve straps, with one-eighth (s) inch scarlet flannel, excepting the straight side of sleeve straps and outer edge of shoulder straps, which shall be plain.

WHITE COAT.

For chief petty officers, stewards, and officers' cooks.—Bleached cotton drill, of pattern heretofore described for the blue coats of the several ratings, but without lining; the buttons to be medium ­sized gilt ones and held by rings in eyelets.

For bandsmen.—To be made of 6-ounce white linen duck, single-breasted sack pattern, with falling collar, a slip pocket on the inside of the left breast, running diagonally down from the opening, and to be fastened in front from neck to waist by six medium navy fire-gilt buttons held by rings in eyelets.

BLUE JACKET.

For mess attendants.—Of dark navy-blue cloth, single-breasted, length to be that of the dress jumper, standing collar seven-eighths (7/8) inch high, with rounded corners, and lined with black Italian cloth. To have one inside pocket, and to be buttoned to the neck by five (5) medium sized black navy buttons, hidden by a fly.

WHITE JACKET.

For mess attendants.—Of bleached cotton drill, same pattern as the blue jacket, except that collar is to be one (1) inch high, and the buttons are to be white and held in eyelets, and there is to be no lining.

OVERSHIRT.

For all enlisted men, except chief petty officers, officers' messmen, and bandsmen (Pl. VI, figs. 3 and 4).—Of dark navy-blue flan­nel, loose in the body; back and breast to be of double thickness, such double part to descend four (4) inches below the line of the shoulder blades, and to be cut with a deep shield shape. Neck opening to extend downward seven (7) inches, and to be covered by a detachable breast piece of double thickness, having button­holes in each corner and secured by four (4) corresponding buttons on inside of shirt.  Sleeves to be from twenty (20) to twenty-three (23) inches in circumference, and to be sewed to cuffs in six box or double plaits, over the lower edges of which the upper edges of


30            UNIFORM FOR ENLISTED MEN, U. S. NAVY.

cuffs will be sewed  Collar of double thickness; to be from nine (9) to ten (10) inches deep and from fifteen (15) to eighteen (18) inches long (according to size of shirt) ;  square corners, to be trimmed with three (3) stripes of white linen tape three-sixteenths ( 1 3/16) of an inch wide and three-sixteenths (3/16) of an inch apart, the outer stripe to be one-quarter (1/4) of an inch from the edge, the stripes to extend down in front to the bottom of the neck opening; to have a plain five-pointed star, three-quarters (3/4) of an inch in diameter, worked in white in each corner, its center to be one and one-eighth (1 1/8) inches from inside (bottom and side) edges of inner stripe.  Cuffs of double thickness, three (3) inches deep, with wrist slits extending three (3) inches above the upper edge of cuffs; to be fastened with two small black navy buttons; to be trimmed around with stripes of white linen tape three-sixteenths (3/16 )of an inch wide, as follows: For petty officers of the first, second, and third classes and enlisted men of the seaman first class, three (3) stripes, one-quarter (1/4) of an inch apart, the middle stripe to be in' the center line of the cuff; for enlisted men of the seaman second class, two (2) stripes, one-quarter (4) of an inch apart, the middle line of the space between the stripes to come over the middle of the cuff ; for enlisted men of the seaman third class, one (1) stripe, placed over the middle line of the cuff.  A small pocket to be let into the left breast with a straight opening, strengthened at each end by a crow's-foot, or diamond point, worked in black silk; lining of pocket to be of same material as shirt.

The sizes of overshirts shall be as follows

Size.

Chest.

Sleeve.

Length of garment

 

Inches.

Inches.

Inches.

1 -----------------------

48

34

33 1/2

2 -----------------------

46

33 1/2

33

3 -----------------------

44

32 1/2

32

4 -----------------------

42

31 1/2

31

5 -----------------------

40

30 1/2

30

6 -----------------------

39

30

29 1/2

 

DRESS JUMPER.

For all enlisted men except chief petty officers, officers' messmen, and bandsmen (Pl. VII, figs. 1 and 2).—Of bleached cotton drill of about seven (7) ounces, to descend from two (2) to three (3) inches below the hip. Collar and cuffs of light quality, dark navy­-blue flannel, double thickness, of same pattern and trimmed in same manner as in the blue overshirt ; the doubling on back and


UNIFORM FOR ENLISTED MEN, U. S. NAVY.     31

breast, the sleeves, pocket, and crow's feet will be made the same as in the blue overshirt, except that the materials will be white.  There will be no breast piece in the neck opening.  The same but­tons to be used on cuffs as on the overshirt.

UNDRESS JUMPER.

For all enlisted men except chief petty officers, officers' messmen, and bandmen (Pl. VII, figs. 3 and 4).—Entirely of white unbleached drill of about eight (8) ounces; to descend from two (2) to three (3) inches below the hip; collar same size as that of blue overshirt; bottom of sleeves to be cut off square just above the wrists; pocket to be overlaid on the left side.

BLUE TROUSERS.

For chief petty officers (except bandmasters), stewards, and officers' cooks (Pl. VIII, fig. 1).—Dark navy-blue cloth or flannel made in the same manner as those for officers.

For bandsmen (Pl. VIII, fig. 2).—For bandmaster to be of sky-­blue cloth, cut with medium spring; side pockets; to have one stripe of scarlet cloth one (1) inch wide down the outer seams; edges of scarlet cloth to be welted. For all other bandsmen same as bandmaster, except that the scarlet-cloth welt shall be three-­sixteenths (3/16) of an inch wide.

For all enlisted men except chief petty officers, stewards, officers' cooks, and bandsmen (Pl. VIII, figs. 3 and 4).—Of dark navy-­blue cloth; to fit snugly over the hip and clown the thigh to two (2) inches above the knee, from which point downward to be cut bell-shaped and full enough to be pulled over the thigh; one seam on each leg on the inside; wide turn-up hem at the bottom. Waist­band to be two (2) inches wide in front and one and one-half (1 1/2) inches wide at the back, fastened in front by two (2) buttons, the lower one serving also as the center button for the flap; to have a gusset at center of back, two (2) inches wide at top (when open) and four and one-half (4 1/2) inches deep-that is, three (3) inches below the band-with six (6) eyelet holes on each side, two (2) of which shall be in each end of waistband, and a flat black-silk lacing, three-eighths (3/8) of an inch wide, run through them.  Flap to be six and one-half (6 1/2) inches deep, with a crow's foot worked in black silk at the lower corners; upper corners to be rounded; to have eleven (11) buttonholes around the sides and upper edge so arranged as to show seven (7) across the top and three (3) on each side.  Pocket in waistband on each side.  Small black navy but­tons to be used.


32          UNIFORM FOR ENLISTED MEN, U. S. NAVY

The sizes of the trousers shall be as follows

Size.

Waist.

Inseam

Bottom.

Knee

Seat

 

Inches

Inches

Inches

Inches

Inches

1-------------

35

33

24 23

42

2-------------

33

33

24 23

40

3-------------

34

32

23 1/2 23

40

4-------------

32

32

231/2 22 1/2

39

5-------------

33

31

23 1/2 22 1/2

39

6 ------------

32

31

23 22

38

7-------------

31

30

23 22

38

8-------------

30

30

22 1/2 21 1/2

37

9-------------

31

29

22 21 1/2

36

10-------------

29

29

22 21 1/2

36

Flannel trousers to be cut and made Same as the blue-cloth trousers.

WHITE TROUSERS.

For chief petty officers, stewards, and officers' cooks.—Bleached cotton drill, cut and make-up similar to blue-cloth trousers.

For bandsmen.—Of linen duck, same as for enlisted men of the Marine Corps.

WHITE DRESS TROUSERS.

For all enlisted men except chief petty officers, stewards, officers' cooks, and bandsmen.—Of bleached cotton drill weighing about seven (7) ounces, shape and sizes same as for blue-cloth trousers, but to be made with a "fly " front. Lacing in the back to be of five-eighths (5/8) inch cotton tape.

WHITE UNDRESS TROUSERS.

For all enlisted men except chief petty officers, officers' messmen, and bandsmen.—Of unbleached cotton drill of eight (8) ounces; cut and make-up same as white dress trousers.

SHIRT (FLANNEL).

For chief petty officers, stewards, officers' cooks, and bandsmen.—­Dark navy-blue flannel, with a small turn-down collar of the same material; small-size black navy buttons on front and cuffs.

SHIRT (WHITE).

For chief petty officers, stewards, officers’ cooks, and bandsmen.­—White linen or cotton of ordinary pattern, to be worn with white collar and cuffs.


UNIFORM FOR ENLISTED MEN, U. S. NAVY.          33

UNDERSHIRT (HEAVY).

For all enlisted men (Pl. IX, fig. I). —Of dark navy-blue flannel, of about eleven (11) ounces, cut square across the breast; to be opened in front on right-hand side of neck opening by a slit from eight (8) to ten (10) inches deep, fastened with two (2) flat black buttons.  Sleeves to be cut tapering.

The sizes of the heavy-weight undershirt shall be as follows

Size.

Chest.

Sleeve.

Length of garment.
 

Inches.

Inches.

Inches.
1 ------------

44

31

30
2 ------------

42

30

29 1/2
3 ------------

40

29

28 1/2
4 ------------

38

28

27 ½
5 ------------

36

27

26 ½
6 ------------

35

26

26

UNDERSHIRT (LIGHT).

For all enlisted men.—Knit material of wool and cotton, con­taining enough of the latter to prevent shrinkage, bleached white, the sleeves not to come below the elbow.

DRAWERS.

For all enlisted men.—To be of the same material and weights as undershirts, and cut sufficiently large to roll up above the knee.

JERSEY.

For all enlisted men (Pl. II, fig. 1).—Knit of dark navy-blue worsted, dyed in the yarn, to come well down over the hips; to have full-length sleeves; neck opening eight (8) inches wide, strengthened with a flat double thickness of worsted one and one-­half (1/2) inches deep; total weight to be not less than one and one half (1 1/2) pounds.

WAISTCOAT.

For chief petty officers.—Dark navy-blue cloth or flannel, single-breasted, without collar, cut high in front, with six (6) small-size gilt navy buttons, the upper button to be not more than four (4) inches below the collar button in the neckband of the shirt.

For stewards and officers' cooks.—Same as for chief petty offi­cers, except small-size black navy buttons shall be substituted for those of gilt.

740-3


34            UNIFORM FOR ENLISTED MEN, U. S. NAVY.

SOCKS.

For all enlisted men.—Of blue all wool or unbleached cotton, to be sufficiently long to come well up on the calf of the leg.

SHOES.

For all enlisted men.—Of black calfskin, both high and low; heels broad and low; soles broad and thick; strongly curved on outside and straight on inside; thin leather lining; the high shoes to have full tongue stitched water-tight to the flaps; shoe strings to be of strong leather.

NECKERCHIEF.

For all enlisted men except chief petty officers, officers' messmen, and bandsmen.—Of black silk, thirty-six (36) inches square.

CRAVAT.

For chief petty officers, stewards, officers' cooks, and bandsmen.—Of black ribbed silk, not more than thirty-six (36) nor less than thirty-two (32) inches long, and not more than one and one-eighth (1 1/8) inches nor less than seven-eighths (7/8) of an inch wide, of uniform width.

KNIFE LANYARD

For all enlisted men, except chief petty officers, officers' messmen, and bandsmen (Pl. XI, fig. 1).—Of bleached white cotton. To be flat sennit, one-half (1/2) to nine-sixteenths (9/16) of an inch wide, tightly laid up; to have a turk's head slide; and to be long enough, when around the neck, to allow the knife to be used with arm extended.

SWORD.

The sword, sword belt, belt plate, and frog for bandmasters shall be of the pattern now worn by field musicians of the Marine Corps.

GLOVES.

For bandsmen.—White gloves, of the pattern worn by enlisted men in the Marine Corps, shall be worn with full dress.

LEGGINGS.

For all enlisted men (Pl. XII, fig. 3).—Tan-colored cotton duck, with. strip of leather to go under the shoe and fasten with a buckle; fastenings to be on the inside.

RAIN CLOTHES.

For all enlisted men (Pl. XII, figs. 1, 2, and 3).—Hat, coat, and trousers, oiled, unbleached cotton cluck, Cape Ann pattern.


UNIFORM FOR ENLISTED MEN, U. S. NAVY.          35

RUBBER BOOTS.

Best rubber; leg pieces coming up at least to the knee.

RATING BADGES.

All petty officers are to wear on the outer garment a rating badge, consisting of a spread eagle above a class chevron. Petty officers of the starboard watch are to wear the badge on the right arm, and those of the port watch on the left arm, halfway between the shoulder and elbow.

The chevrons are to be made of stripes of scarlet cloth, three-­eighths (3/8) of an inch wide, separated one-quarter (1/4) of an inch, and sewed flat without padding, in a suitable manner, but not necessarily with black stitching, as shown in Plates XV and XVI. Badge as made up to cover a field three and one-quarter (3 1/4) inches broad. Chief petty officers to wear three (3) stripes with an arch of one (1) stripe forming the are of a circle between the ends of the upper stripe of chevron, the outside radius of the circle being one and seven-eighths (1 7/8) inches; the specialty mark to be in the center of the field under the arch, and to be entirely included in a circle one (1) inch in diameter; the eagle to rest on the center of the top of the arch (Pl. XV, fig. 1).  Petty officers, first class, to wear three (3) stripes in the chevron (Pl. XV, fig. 2) ; second class, two (2) stripes (Pl. XVI, fig. 1) ; and third class, one (1) stripe (Pl. XVI, fig. 2) ; the specialty mark to be in the center of the field in the angle of the upper stripe, and the eagle to be one and one-half (1 1/2) inches above the angle and just above the specialty mark.

For permanent petty officers holding three consecutive good­ conduct badges, the chevrons are to be made of gold lace instead of scarlet cloth.

On blue clothing the eagle and specialty marks are to be worked in white, and on white clothing in blue.

The specialty marks are shown in Plates XVII and XVIII, as follows

PLATE XVII.

Masters-at-arms-------------------------------------------- Fig. l
Boatswains' mates, coxswain----------------------------- Fig. 2
Quartermaster,--------------------------------------------- Fig. 3
Gunners' mates--------------------------------------------- Fig. 4
Seaman gunner--------------------------------------------- Fig. 5
Chief yeoman------------------------------------------------Fig. 6
"hospital steward and hospital apprentice (first class)--Fig. 7
Yeoman, first, second, or third class----------------------Fig. 8


36                        UNIFORM FOR ENLISTED MEN, U. S. NAVY

 

PLATE XVIII.

Printer--------------------------------------------------------- Fig. 1
Schoolmaster------------------------------------------------- Fig. 1
Bandsman----------------------------------------------------- Fig. 2
Machinists, boiler maker------------------------------------- Fig. 3
Water tender, coppersmith---------------------------------- Fig. 3
Oiler----------------------------------------------------------- Fig. 3
Carpenters' mates-------------------------------------------- Fig. 4
Plumber and fitter, painter---------------------------------- Fig. 4
Blacksmith----------------------------------------------------- Fig. 5
Sailmaker's mate---------------------------------------------- Fig. 6

 The specialty mark for gun captains shall be a foul anchor placed perpendicularly.

 MARKS.

  Seaman-gunner mark (Pl. XVII, fig. 5).—Every enlisted man who has qualified as a seaman gunner is to wear the specialty mark so placed that the top comes one (1) inch below the point of the chevron, or if not a petty officer, in place of the rating badge.

 The apprentice mark (Pl. XIII,fig. 4).—An apprentice mark two (2) inches long, worked in white on blue clothes, and in blue on white clothes, is to be worn by all enlisted persons who belong to or have passed through the ratings of apprentice in the Navy. On the over­shirt and jumper, it is to be worn on the breast, two (2) inches below the neck opening. On all coats, except overcoats, it is to be worn on the outside of the same sleeve as the rating badge, halfway between the elbow and wrist.

The watch mark is to be worn by all enlisted men, except petty officers, officers' messmen, and bandsmen.

It is to consist of a strip of braid three-eighths (3/8) of an inch wide, white on blue shirts, and blue on white shirts, placed on the shoulder seam of the sleeve and extending entirely around the arm. For first and second class firemen and coal passers, the braid is to be red on both blue and white shirts, and of the same width and disposition as above. The men of the starboard watch are to wear the mark on the right sleeve; those of the port watch are to wear it on the left sleeve.

Continuous-service marks, of scarlet cloth, eight (8) inches long, the side edges being turned under until they meet on the under­side, to show a width of three-eighths (3/8) of an inch, to be wore on left sleeve diagonally across the outside of forearm at an angle of forty-five (45) degrees, one for each complete reenlistment for three (3) years under continuous service, one-quarter (1/4) of an inch apart. On coats and white jumpers, the lower end of first stripe will not be less than two (2) inches from the cuff edge of the sleeve;


UNIFORM FOR ENLISTED MEN, U. S. NAVY.          31

on the blue overshirt it will end four (4) inches above the upper edge of the cuff.

BUTTONS.

Gilt (same as for officers' uniform).—Medium size, seven-tenths (7/10) of an inch in diameter; small size, nine-sixteenths (9/16) of an inch in diameter.

Black (Pl. XIII, figs. 1, 2, and 3).—Large size, one and three-­eighths (1 3/8) inches in diameter; medium size, three-quarters (3/4) of an inch in diameter; small size, five-eighths (5/8) of an inch in diameter.

CLOTHING LIST.

The following articles are to be owned by all enlisted men, except bandsmen, on board cruising ships

1 suit blue dress.

1 suit white dress.

1 suit blue undress.

2 suits white undress.

2 suits underclothes (heavy).

2 suits underclothes (light).

2 pairs shoes.

2 pairs socks (heavy).

2 pairs socks (light).

1 blue cap, complete.

2 white hats (or 1 white cap and 2 covers).

1 neckerchief (or cravat, as required).

1 overcoat.

1 jersey.

1 mattress and 2 covers.

 

By men who require them.

1 lanyard.

1 pair leggings.

1 suit rain clothes, and rubber boots.

Such portion of this outfit as the weather, duty to be done, and other circumstances render advisable, is to be issued to recruits on board receiving ships.  When men are received on board a cruising vessel, their outfits are to be at once completed.  In the case of men drafted from a receiving ship to a vessel on a foreign station, the outfit is to be completed before the men leave the receiving ship.  Nothing in these regulations is to be construed to mean that a man shall not own more clothing than the outfit requires, provided he desires so to do.

 

 

 

 

 
 



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